The Shah of Iran, the Iraqi Kurds, and the Lebanese Shia

The Shah of Iran, the Iraqi Kurds, and the Lebanese Shia (Middle East Today) 1st Edition

“We should combat to and contain the threat in the East coast of the Mediterranean to prevent shedding blood on Iranian soil.”1 These words were uttered by Colonel Mojtaba Pashaie, head of the Middle East Directorate of SAVAK, Iran’s National Intelligence and Security Organization, to weaken Pan-Arabism in the Middle East in the aftermath of the Iraqi coup of 1958. It was the beginning of the Green Plan strategy in Southern Lebanon. Iran’s Green Plan planted the seed of Iran’s connections with the Shia community in Lebanon. With charismatic, Iranian-born Seyyed Musa Sadr’s departure to Lebanon, Tehran’s relations with the Lebanese Shia hit the new course.

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