Our emphasis in creating this edition is less on adding new material and more on providing clarity and deeper understanding. This objective was accomplished in part by including new end-of-chapter material that adds connective tissue between chapters. We affectionately call these comments at the end of the chapter “Pot Holes.” They are very useful to remind students of the big picture and how each chapter fits into that picture, and they aid the student in learning about limitations and pitfalls that may result if procedures are misused. A deeper understanding of real-world use of statistics is made available through class projects, which were added in several chapters. These projects provide the opportunity for students
alone, or in groups, to gather their own experimental data and draw inferences. In some cases, the work involves a problem whose solution will illustrate the meaning of a concept or provide an empirical understanding of an important statistical result. Some existing examples were expanded and new ones were introduced to create “case studies,” in which commentary is provided to give the student a clear understanding of a statistical concept in the context of a practical situation.